Address: S.S. 5, Corfinio

Description

Thanks to the archaeological investigations carried out in the 19th century by the scholar Antonio De Nino - who was the first to understand the importance and richness of ancient Corfinium - and then continued between 1989 and 1994, by the Superintendence for Cultural Heritage of Abruzzo, remains of of the Roman city came to light in different urban and suburban areas, and are currently visible and organised in a real archaeological park. 
Named after the Rev. Nicola Colella, a passionate student of Corfinio from the 1930’s, who deepened the research of the territory and on the topography of the ancient city - the park consists of three different areas: the Piano San Giacomo, the Italic Temple and the Shrine of Sant'Ippolito.


Piano San Giacomo

Also called "la Civita" or "The Goldsmiths’ District" for the wealth of precious objects discovered on the site, this has proved to be one of the most important and interesting areas from the point of view of archaeological research. Different areas of the ancient city’s streets with pavements and arcades, shops, residential housing and baths etc have all been brought to light. The remains allow us to reconstruct the history of urban settlement from at least the 2nd century BC until the following century, when the neighbourhood began to organise itself into areas with different and well-defined functions. In the Imperial period the area was densely urbanised, with shops, baths and many private homes. There stood a rich Domus from the 1st century AD with polychrome mosaic floors, which was structured around a garden with a central fountain and a nympheum with mosaics made from glass paste. The porch was decorated with stucco and frescoes on the ceiling and individual rooms were richly decorated with wall paintings and fine mosaic floors inlaid with coloured marble and Egyptian alabaster. The Domus is located next to a thermal bath (1st to 3rd century AD) where you can still see the columns of the interspace that allowed the passage of hot air for heating the area and the hot apse of the ancient calidarium. The streets and pavements had gravel and a curb stone and facing onto the road were tabernae, from which the walls and drains remain.

Italic Temple

The sacred area of ​​the ancient municipium was a little further south, in the area called "Impianata", on the current road that leads to nearby Pratola Peligna. Archaeological surveys here found the remains of an Italic temple dating back to the 1st century BC. It comprised of a podium in opera incerta and the sacellum with a mosaic floor. The walls have unfortunately been lost also because at a later stage the material of the ancient buildings was reused for new construction. Votive objects and a cameo with the image of the emperor Claudius, currently in the Archaeological Museum, were also found here. Near here was also a second small temple, perhaps used for funeral rites, and an Italic necropolis of the 4th century AD with graves, where numerous inscriptions were found and which are now preserved in the lapidary section of the museum.

Sanctuary of Sant’Ippolito

Not far from the village, at the source of Sant'Ippolito, the remains of an ancient Italic sanctuary of the third century BC - Ist century AD were found. It was probably dedicated to Hercules, due to the many statues of him which were found here. It was a terraced structure, in which the inner chamber of the titular god stood on the upper floor, while at the bottom was a concrete tank and a limsteone basin which were built at a later stage.